Dachshund Info & Dachshund Breeders

The dachshund is a short-legged, long-bodied breed of dog that belongs to the hound family. The standard size dachshund was bred to scent, chase, and flush out badgers and other burrow-dwelling animals, while the miniature dachshund was developed to hunt smaller animals like rabbits. There are essentially six varieties of dachshunds; as well as two sizes, there are three distinct coats: smooth haired, long haired and wire haired.

 

Dachshund Temperament

Dachshunds are very devoted and loyal to their owners, though they can be standoffish towards strangers. Their devotion to their family make them great watchdogs. The mini smooth dachshunds are more likely to be good barkers.  Dachshunds are playful and brave, and with correct guidance and training can be trained in tracking, tricks and obedience.

 

The Ideal Dachshund Owner 

Dachshunds may not be the best pets for families with small children although in the right environment, where a pup is socialised appropriately, dachshunds and well behaved children usually get along fine.  Raised correctly, dachshunds are very tolerant and loyal to children within their family. Like many breeds, where there's teasing, high pitched voices, and quick movements, dachshunds may react to an unfamiliar child.  

Separation anxiety is not a trait of the breed, but like most dogs, inconsistent time with family - eg. taking a month off to settle puppies in, and then going back to work full time and leaving them alone, is not good for dachshunds - or any breed for that matter. 

 

Training and Socialisation 

Training a dachshund can be challenging due to their stubborn nature although they generally respond well to training. In 'the intelligence of dogs' they are rated as an average working dog with a persistent ability to follow trained commands 50% of the time or more. 

 

Like most scent hounds, dachshunds have little road sense so it is recommended that they are kept on a lead when away from home.

 

Dachshunds do not often enjoy the company of other dogs.

 

How Much Space and Exercise Does a Dachshund Need?

Dachshunds don’t need a lot of space and make ideal apartment dogs as long as they are not left alone too long. 

 

In the garden, the dachshund’s powerful front paws make them great diggers so they require secure fencing right to or below ground level. Dachshunds will eat almost anything so care should be taken to eliminate any toxic plants from the garden or house. Their hunting instincts also makes them susceptible to snakes and cane toads in areas where they exist. 

 

Dachshunds thrive on exercise and need a daily walk.

 

Grooming Needs

The hair between the toes of long haired dachshunds needs to be kept short. Failure to do this may make it difficult for the dog to maintain grip on smooth surfaces, increasing the chance of injury.

 

Fun facts about Dachshunds

Dachshunds have very powerful jaws so never give them squeaky rubber toys to chew. Dachshunds will devour any soft or squeaky toy in record time.

 

The first dachshund races were held in Australia in the 1970s.

 

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the National Dachshund Council of Australia for help with our Dachshund breed information.

 

Potential Health Issues in Dachshunds

The two main health concerns for Dachshunds are Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD), and Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA).
 
IVDD 

IVDD is the most significant health issue for Dachshunds, with as many as 1 in 4 suffering from a disc-related problem in their lifetime. Intervertebral discs can degenerate, bulging outward, and can sometimes burst or rupture.  When a disc is compromised, the fluid inside can escape into the spinal column, pressing against the spinal cord or nerves, which causes pain, nerve damage, and sometimes paralysis.  Problems can occur anywhere from the neck to the back legs.


 
The incidence of IVDD is increasing as Dachshunds become more popular.  Unfortunately, there is no known DNA marker, no test for IVDD, and no cure.    Currently the only way to reduce the incidence of IVDD is X-Ray screening and scoring on dachshunds between 2 and 4 years of age.  This screening aims to reduce the occurrence of herniations, by encouraging breeding with dogs that have low numbers of calcifications. This will reduce the occurrence of IVDD and assist with ethical breeding programs.  Back scoring is common practice in several Scandinavian countries, and encouraged in the UK where it is subsidised by the breed council.  The Dachshund Standard has also been modified in the UK to encourage breeders to breed dogs with a shorter back.   In Australia, there are advocates for screening and some standard dachshund breeders are back scoring prior to breeding.  Results are available online here.  For more information see Danish screening program against IVDD,  Dachshund IVDD UK , Dachshund IVDD Support Australia.
 
If your dachshund is struggling to walk or paralysed - this is an emergency. 


Unfortunately, the first time many dachshund owners hear of IVDD is when their dog is struggling to walk, has a pronounced hunch or is paralysed. This is associated with crippling pain and you must keep your dog as still as possible by restricting all movement.  Crate if possible, or use a playpen, bassinet or other small space/restricted area.  Use blankets to keep your dog comfortable, and seek attention from your vet immediately.  Do not delay or defer to another day or more convenient time. The sooner there is veterinary and surgical intervention the better the outcome.  Veterinary attention within the first 24 hours of becoming paralysed gives a higher chance of regaining the ability to walk. Delaying treatment, however, is likely to increase your dog’s chance of a disc rupture and even permanent paralysis.
 
PRA 

PRA is a retinal degeneration that occurs in many breeds. The disease causes loss of vision, often leads to blindness, and there is no cure.  PRA has been diagnosed in all varieties of Dachshunds but occurs mostly in the miniature dachshunds, and the mini long-haired variety. A DNA test has been developed that identifies three important factors to eliminate this disease.


Affected – dogs that have no clinical symptoms but will likely develop the PRA.
Carriers – dogs that have the mutation of the gene, will never develop the disease, but would pass the gene on to 50% their offspring.
Clear – these dogs do not carry the mutation, will never develop PRA, and will not pass it on.

 


Thus, breeders now have information to guide their decisions as responsible custodians of the breed.


 
How does this affect the puppy buyer? Can you safely buy a mini long-hair or mini smooth puppy as a pet?  The answer is yes, but ensure that the breeder has carried out appropriate tests and ask for copies of the tests.  If necessary, seek help interpreting the tests.  It is crucial that pet owners do not breed from a dog that is a PRA Carrier or PRA Affected.    Dogs can carry the gene without showing any evidence of the disease so haphazard breeding without testing is reckless and irresponsible.
 
 
Pes Varus 

Pes Varus, also referred to as Angular Hock Deformity and Bow Legged Syndrome, is a deformity of the rear leg, or both legs, that gives a dog the appearance of being bowlegged. It occurs when the outside growth plates of the tibia grow at a faster rate than the inside. In a healthy pup that is growing normally the growth plates close between 8 and 12 months of age.  In a pup that has Pes Varus one side will begin to close at 4 to 6 months of age. The condition ranges from mild to severe depending on when the growth plates close. The earlier the first growth plate closes the more severe the condition will be.

 

It is believed that both sire and dam must be carriers of Pes Varus for it to present in the offspring.  Unfortunately, there is no genetic test available to determine whether a dog carries the gene.  Responsible breeders will follow the progress of puppies at least until they are past the age that Pes Varus might occur.  

 


Pes Varus occurs in Dachshunds worldwide, in all three coat varieties, and in both Miniature and Standard Dachshunds. Cases have been reported in Dachshunds from Japan, Australia, USA, Finland, and the Czech Republic.

 


Other health conditions that may affect Dachshunds include:

  • Lafora's Disease: an inherited form of epilepsy that affects miniature wire-haired dachshunds in particular. This is now practically eliminated in Australia.
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease (VWD): a mild to moderate bleeding disorder. While many dogs with this disease will never have a severe bleeding episode, they can, and there are reports of fatalities associated with VWD and surgical procedures.
  • Cushings Disease: causes increased drinking and urination, increased appetite, panting, high blood pressure, hair loss, pendulous abdomen, thinning of the skin, calcified lumps in the skin, susceptibility to skin infections and diabetes, weakening of the heart and skeletal muscles, and nervous system disease.   Cushings disease usually affects older dogs, and can occur either naturally, or due to over administration of corticosteroids such as prednisone. The latter is easy to cure – just cut out the medication slowly to allow a return to normal function. Naturally occurring Cushings is more difficult to manage and guidance from a veterinarian is recommended.
  • Blindness and deafness: double dapple coloured dachshunds (which have varying amounts of white all over the body as well as the dapple pattern) occur when two dapples are bred together. These dogs can have very significant health issues, including blindness and deafness. Other susceptible colours include pied, tricolour, isabella and blue.

 

 

If you are a small scale ANKC registered breeder and would like to be listed here, just contact us or follow a few simple steps .

 

We welcome helpful comments and contributions to information about this breed by email or below...

Registered Dachshund Breeders

'Made in Tas' Miniature Smooth Dachshund Breeder - Launceston, TAS
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'Made in Tas' Miniature Smooth Dachshunds began our journey in 2003 with the ... read more
Almarjo Kennels - German Shepherd and Dachshund Breeder - Gatton, QLD
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We have been breeding for many years, hate to think how many, but over the ... read more
Amaysing - Sweet Puppy Love - Dachsund Breeder - Sanctuary Point, NSW
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We love Dachshunds and are happy to be able to share our love with carefully ... read more
Boskahun Kennel - Dachshund Standard Smooth Breeder - Adelaide, SA
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I have been involved with Dachshunds since 1980. My current Standard Smooths ... read more
Brunkerville Mini Smooth Dachshunds -  Newcastle, NSW
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We are only very small breeders , we also show all 3 breeds. Breeding 2 litters ... read more
Calysta Chihuahua and Dachshund Breeder - Crookwell, NSW
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Here at Calysta we breed Chihuahuas and Miniature Smooth Dachshunds for type ... read more
Cidaq - Miniature Smooth Haired Dachshund Breeder - Tasmania
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We breed and show Miniature Smooth Haired Dachshunds in the south of Tasmania. ... read more
Daxenberg Kennels - Smooth-Haired Dachschund Breeder - Victor Harbor, SA
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DAXENBERG KENNELS - Home of Quality STANDARD SMOOTH HAIRED DACHSHUNDS. We ... read more
Dimondox Dachshunds -  Mini Dachshund Breeder - QLD
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Beautiful Mini Dachshunds, farm bred and raised. Breeding for temprement, true ... read more
Eukypark -  Dachshund Standard Smooth Haired - Ulverstone Tasmania
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Eukypark Dachshunds started in the early nineties breeding and showing the ... read more
Fluermack Miniature and Standard Long Dachshunds - Trentham Cliffs, NSW
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We only breed when looking for a new show puppy. Puppies are raised in a loving ... read more
Grabenhar - Standard Dachshund Breeder - Newborough, VIC
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We pride ourselves in breeding quality standard smooth coat Dachshunds with ... read more
Johnsanna - Dachshund Breeder - QLD
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Dachshund Breeder - Registered with Dogs Queensland. Located in Ooralea, Qld.  ... read more
Kajmytt Dachshunds - Miniature Long Haired Dachshund Breeder - North Maleny, QLD
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I have been breeding and showing Miniature Long Haired Dachshunds for over 50 ... read more
Kamahi & Emmiline Dachshunds -Standard and Miniature Smooth Dachshund Breeder - VIC
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Names synonymous with quality smooths. Combined breeding of Australian, ... read more
Murungal Miniature Smooth Haired Dachsund Breeder - Tamworth, NSW
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We breed quality Miniature Smooth Haired Dachsunds for show and companion pets. ... read more
Tischamingo Kennels - Dachshund Breeder, Newcastle
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Standard Smooth puppies sometimes available. Red,Black & Tan.Loving family ... read more
Wynbourn Miniature Long-Haired Dachshunds - Bega, NSW
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Specialising in miniature long-haired dachshunds: red, cream, black & tan, ... read more
Wyredach Kennels - Standard Wirehaired Dachshund Breeder - Sydney
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Wyredach is a small breeding kennel for Standard Wirehaired Dachshunds. ... read more

 

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