Xoloitzcuintle Info & Xoloitzcuintle Breeders
The treasure of Mexico (National dog of Mexico) is known as the Xoloitzcuintli, other names it may be known world wide as include: Xoloitxcuintli, Xoloitzquintle, Mexican Hairless and Tepeitzcuintli. The Xoloitzcuintle is an ancient breed, archeologists have found evidence of the breeds existence in the ruins of Pre-Columbian societies of Mexico, Central and South America. The Aztec people believed that when they died the Xolo guided them to "Mictlan”, their land of the dead. Many were buried with a Xolo, which was sacrificed for that purpose. When Cortez conquered the Aztecs the remaining people fled to the jungles, taking their Xolos with them. Many of the Aztecs died out, but the dogs survived.
The Xolo is a rare breed, numbering approximately 20,000 in the world. Prior to 1956, when members of the Federacion Canofila Mexicana (F.C.M.) began a registration and breeding program, Xolos were considered nearly extinct. Expeditions to remote villages saved the Xolo from extinction, where the dogs had been treasured for many centuries.
The Xolo is well known for its intelligence, extreme loyalty, and devotion to their human family. They are generally reserved and shy with strangers, and very protective of their household and great watch dogs (but not guard dogs). Because they can be territorial it's vital that they are socialised in all situations and with a lot of people as youngsters. The breed needs a lot of time in training and social activities from the puppy stage right throughout life. Dogs that are not socialized correctly or in the hands of inexperienced people can become aggressive. Xolos are a highly active breed and require exercise EVERY day and are excellent agility and obedience dogs. Whether a Small, Intermediate or Standard, Xolo all need daily walks and the same disciplined routine. It should be noted that dogs that do not get daily exercise are more likely to display behaviour and disruptive problems. Xolos are usually peaceful with other animals, they are not considered a sighthound. However like any animal will need training and introduction to other pets.
The Xoloitzcuintli's 'primitive' temperament (very high intelligence, sensitivity, high energy, inquisitiveness, and strong social instincts) is apparent because the breed's temperament was not modified overall by selective breeding in their native history in Mexico. This has also ensured a sturdy physical nature and vigorous health generally innate in both coated and uncoated Xolos (source wikipedia).
The Xolo comes in three sizes - miniature, intermediate and standard, and two coat types - coated and hairless. During cooler months the Xolo requires a coat and at times ear protection. In the summer months the Xolo must be protected from the sun with shade and sun coats. Weekly bathing and a skin scrub is recommended, while applying moisture back into the skin. On the whole as a breed there are no serious health or genetic problems. Life expectancy for the Xolo is generally about 12 to 15 years.
Is a Xoloitzcuintle for you?
Like any dog breed it is important to research the breed thoroughly before searching for a suitable Xolo breeder and a Xolo dog. With xolo's it's important to establish the pack place early in life by including the whole family in the training and discipline routines. Xolos can be dominant and the primitive instincts if left uncontrolled can lead to the household being run by the Xolo. This can be controlled by regular and consistent training and exercise, the breed is easy to train and generally a quick learner. Young Xolo’s require a fair amount of training and exercise, lots of toys and things to keep them occupied and out of trouble.
With the correct training, as Xolos mature they settle to become calm laid back and very easy going. They will stay at home alone but of course would much rather prefer to go with their owner everywhere. The Xolo does not tolerate unstable homes nor harsh corrections in training, they excel in a calm environment.
The Xoloitzcuintle in Australia
Wazzat Xoloitzcuintle imported the first Xoloitzcuintle dogs to Australia in 2009 and had the breed recognised for showing from 2010, they also had the first Xolo litter in 2014, many years research and planning has been dedicated to the breed to ensure the correct Xolos are imported and bred with a view to the best being able to be shown. Thanks to Wazzat Xoloitzcuintle for photos and information about this unique breed.